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Category Archives: Risk Factors

Categories Advice, Health, Kidney Disease, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Protein, Risk Factors

Kidney Disease – A Global Issue

Kidney disease is a chronic disease spreading at an alarming rate. Statistics show that it is increasing every year at a rate of six to eight percent. Chronic kidney disease is a chronic and progressive disease. The most challenging part of this disease is to have it diagnosed in time to seek a professional advice.

It may take years for the damage to become noticeable. It also known as a silent killer. Chronic kidney disease goes through several stages, with the final stage being end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), also referred as end-stage renal failure (ESRD).

The main cause of this disease is type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Having both can cause a serious damage to the kidneys. The damage to the nephrons is slow and in the early stages does not cause any symptoms.

In some cases, it could be sudden, occurring due to an infection, injury or toxin ingestion.

When the nephrons are damaged, they lose their effectiveness as blood filters and the body is no longer able to get rid of waste products, toxins and water on its own. This starts to build up in the blood.

The buildup of water and waste products called uremia and it causes swelling in hands and feet and fatigue. Untreated uremia could cause loss of mental function, seizure or even coma or death.

Improper kidney function can also cause several other problems. For instance, not regulate blood pressure or essential metabolites and nutrients in the body.

One of the most common consequences of kidney damage is cardiovascular disease. In fact, eventually, most people with kidney damage die because of heart disease. Kidney damage causes fluid to build up in the lining around the heart causing pericardial disease, which is also a common consequence of diabetes.

Because kidney disease does not have symptoms in the early stages, it is important to get annual checkups. A urine test is often the first method that spots the signs of kidney damage, by detecting excess protein in the urine.

If caught early, kidney disease is very treatable. Treatment can help to stop the disease from progressing and causing further damage to your kidneys.

The use of natural remedies in cases of kidney damage can be very effective. Herbs and nutrients have shown to both treat the cause of kidney damage and even reverse kidney damage. When combined with the correct diet and lifestyle changes, the use of natural remedies means that kidney damage does not have to be progressive.

Categories Health, Kidney Disease, Risk Factors

Gout: Symptoms, Causes, Diet and Medication

Gout can have many different factors and here are a few different reasons:

  • An elevated serum urate concentration
  • Recurrent attacks of acute arthritis in which Monosodium Urate (MSU) crystals are in synovial fluid
  • Aggregates of MSU crystals (tophi) deposited in & around joints leading to deformity & crippling
  • Renal disease involving glomerular, tubular, interstitial tissue & blood vessels or kidney failure
  • Uric acid nephrolithiasis or kidney stones

Gout: Who are affected?

Typically, gout patients are about 95% men, 5% women.

  • Gout is nine times more common in men than in women
  • It predominantly attacks males after puberty, with a peak age of 75. In women, gout attacks usually occur after menopause.

Gout: What are the causes?

When the level of uric acid increases, due to the inability of kidneys to pass it off to bladder, it starts accumulating in the blood in different parts of body like joints, knees, etc. This excess amount of uric acid forms tiny thin crystals in different parts of body especially in the joints, ankles, etc.

  • Obesity, excessive weight gain (especially in youth),
  • Moderate to heavy alcohol intake
  • High blood pressure
  • Unhealthy eating habit, especially junk food
  • High protein-rich food
  • Fructose in corn syrup found in soft drinks
  • Abnormal kidney function.
  • Nose or throat disease
  • Heredity or genetic causes
  • People who does not wear comfortable shoes and in improper way suffer from gouts. In patients at risk of developing gout, certain conditions can precipitate acute attacks of gout. These conditions include:
  • Dehydration
  • Injury to the joint
  • Fever
  • Recent surgery
  • Certain drugs, such as thiazide diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide [Dyazide]), low-dose aspirin, niacin, cyclosporine, tuberculosis medications (pyrazinamide and ethambutol), and others can cause elevated uric acid levels in the blood and lead to gout.
  • Certain diseases lead to excessive production of uric acid in the body. Examples of these diseases include leukemia, lymphomas, and hemoglobin disorders.

Gout: What are the symptoms?

  • Severe pain in joints, knees, toe, etc. followed by warmth, swelling, reddish discoloration, and marked tenderness.
  • Gout generally, attacks patient late night or early morning.
  • The small joint at the base of the big toe is the most common site of an acute gout attack of arthritis (podagra)
  • Tenderness can be intense so that even a blanket touching the skin over the affected joint can be unbearable.
  • Patients can develop fever with the acute gout attacks.
  • These painful attacks usually subside in hours to days, with or without medication. In rare instances, an attack can last for weeks.
  • Most patients with gout will experience repeated attacks of arthritis over the years.
  • Other symptoms include, loss of appetite and sleep, also suffer from kidney stone. In acute cases, kidney sometimes completely fails.

Gout: How to diagnose?

  • The most reliable test for gout is finding uric acid crystals in a sample of the joint fluid obtained by joint aspiration (arthrocentesis).

X-rays can sometimes be helpful and may show tophi-crystal deposits and bone damage because of repeated bouts of inflammation. X-rays can also be helpful for monitoring the effects of chronic gout on the joints.

Gout: What are the treatments?

There are two key concepts essential to treating gout. First, it is critical to stop the acute inflammation of joints affected by gouty arthritis. Second, it is important to address the long-term management of the disease in order to prevent future gouty arthritis attacks and shrink gouty tophi crystal deposits in the tissues. The treatment of an acute attack of gouty arthritis involves measures and medications that reduce inflammation. Preventing future acute gout attacks is equally as important as treating the acute arthritis. Prevention of acute gout involves maintaining adequate fluid intake, weight reduction, dietary changes, reduction in alcohol consumption, and medications to lower the uric acid level in the blood (reduce hyperuricemia).

Gout: How can it be prevented?

  • Prevention of gout includes maintaining adequate fluid intake and reducing alcohol consumption. Alcohol has two major effects that worsen gout by impeding (slowing down) the excretion of uric acid from the kidneys as well as by causing dehydration, both of which contribute to the precipitation of uric acid crystals in the joints • Additional prevention methods include weight reduction and dietary changes.
  • Weight reduction can be helpful in lowering the risk of recurrent attacks of gout. This is best accomplished by reducing dietary fat and calorie intake, combined with a regular aerobic exercise program.
  • Medical treatment includes pain relievers such as Tylenol, anti-inflammatory medicines, and other medicines specific for gout medications.

Gout: How can diet help?

Dietary changes can help reduce uric acid levels in the blood. Meat or seafood consumption increases the risk of gout attacks; while dairy food consumption seemed to reduce the risk. Balance diet is very important to keep a healthy body

. • Patient suffering from gout should survive on orange juice for a week. During this period, orange juice diluted in water 2-3 times a day is suggested.

  • Once this period is over, patient should slowly start having other fruits like apple, banana, etc.
  • Once patient start showing improvement, he/she should be given proper balanced diet rich in green vegetables, fruits, whole wheat grain, etc.
  • Junk foods, protein-rich food like mutton, egg, etc. should be avoided.
  • Purine-rich foods should be avoided. Examples of foods rich in purines include shellfish and organ meats such as liver, brains, kidneys, and sweetbreads.
Categories Advice, Kidney Disease, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Risk Factors

Blood Pressure Symptoms

High blood pressure is one of the most common health problems in the developed world. It’s also one of the most mysterious. In fact, it is often called the silent killer for its ability to strike people dead (in the most extreme cases) without showing any previous symptoms at all. But more often than not, people suffering from high blood pressure exhibit subtle symptoms of it but they often disregard them as something not serious. For this reason they may fail to see a doctor who would have easily diagnosed the condition with the most basic checkup.

It is therefore a good idea to pay attention to any signs of high blood pressure and to take them seriously. But how does one determine that they indeed are suffering from elevated blood pressure? What are the symptoms to look out for?

1. Headaches

Headaches can be an indication of high blood pressure but because they can also be due to many other things such as stress or anxiety many people don’t take them seriously, even if headaches sometimes become extremely painful.

Most of the early warning signs of high blood pressure, such as headaches, can be easily related to the condition: think of the old headache commercials on TV showing a head between a vice… that’s high blood pressure!

2. Fatigue, dizziness or confusion

How could hypertension cause these symptoms? Again, think of the physiology. If you rise quickly and your blood vessels are narrowed (a common feature of high blood pressure) you may not get sufficient blood to your brain, hence the dizziness. Confusion has related causes.

3. Blurred vision

A related symptom, which may often give you an earlier tip-off than blurred vision is sensitivity or tenderness of the eyes to touch. This happens because high blood pressure also increases the pressure within the eyes. This can make them sensitive to touch and, at a later stage, slight distortion of the eyeball due to pressure can actually affect your vision.

4. Noise or buzzing in the ears

This is caused by internal pressure in the ears in a similar way as that which causes vision disturbances.

5. Chest pain and/or nosebleeds

These final symptoms are obvious and alarming. You should consider them advanced warning signs that your blood pressure may be seriously elevated.

All of these symptoms can have many different causes, not just hypertension, and many of them are harmless, but it’s always better to be safe than sorry. This is especially true if you begin to notice more than just one or two. The more symptoms you have the stronger the picture that starts to emerge.

Even if you have just one vague symptom or an inner suspicion that you may have high blood pressure it makes good sense to at least get your blood pressure checked. And remember that it’s true that most instances of high blood pressure show no symptoms at all. This is another reason for regular checkups. If left untreated hypertension can lead to other more serious health problems and even sudden death in extreme cases.

Categories Health, Kidney Disease, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Risk Factors

Kidney Disease and Edema

Kidney patients often have to deal with water retention, causing swelling or puffiness of the tissue especially in legs, arms or under the eyes.

A quick test to see if you have water retention is to press the affected area for a few seconds and see if the skin retains a dimple. Other symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath (especially when lying down)
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain

These conditions may require immediate attention. In many cases, your doctor may prescribe you a diuretic, also known as water pills.

As our body is made-up of almost 80 percentage of water, kidneys play an important role in the health of our body.

The kidneys and the adrenal glands are responsible for cleansing the blood, produce needed hormones, and regulate blood pressure and mineral balance.

If left untreated, edema can cause:

  • Stiffness
  • Increased risk of skin ulcers
  • Painful swelling
  • Risk of infection
  • Decreased blood circulation
  • High blood pressure

If you are healthy, it may be possible to try home remedies to address edema however, if you are a kidney patient, it is not a good idea to try things that may cause more damage to the kidneys then offering any good. It is essential to consultant a professional to address this issue.

At Kundan Kidney Care Centre we can help you understand the cause and remedy for edema.

We offer safe and natural treatment for kidney disease. Please contact us via phone or email to ask questions about your kidney health.

Categories Health, Kidney Diet, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Risk Factors

How to Prevent Kidney Stones

If you have ever had a kidney stone you know the experience can be extremely unpleasant.  Did you know that over the course of lifetime, one in ten people will have a kidney stone?

If your doctor suspects you have a kidney stone, you may be asked to have diagnostic tests done.

  1. Blood Testing: Too much calcium or uric acid in your blood could be of concern. Blood test may also help monitor the health of your kidneys.
  2. Urine Testing: A 24 Hour urine collection test may reveal that you are exreting too many stone forming minerals.
  3. Ultra-sound Scanning: Imaging tests may show kidney stones in your urinary tract.
  4. Passed Stones Analysis: Your passed stone may reveal the makeup of your kidney stones.

Prevention of kidney stones may include a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.

Drink Fluid: People with the history of kidney stones are recommended to drink about 2.5 liters of water per day. If you live in a hot dry climate and sweat a lot then you may need to drink even more water so that you produce enough urine. A light and clear urine indicate that you are drinking enough water.

Oxalate-Rich Foods: Your doctor may ask you to prevent oxalate rich foods. Cutting oxalate rich food may sound logical but this  may not be smart for an overall health perspective. Eat and drink calcium and oxalate rich foods together during a meal. Doing so, they are more likely to bind in the stomach and intestines before they kidneys begin processing.

Diet Selection: Reduce the amount of salt and choose non-animal protein sources. Consider using a salt substitute such as herbs or spices.

Manage underlying Medical Problems: Some medical conditions like obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes can raise your risk for kidney stones.

Treatment may be required if the diet and drinking water does not work. Consult us for further information. There are herbal and safer ways to address this problem.

Categories Kidney Disease, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Risk Factors

Renal Cyst – Go For Herbal Remedies for Kidney Problems

Unlike kidney stones which are solid stone like forms, kidney cysts are fluid-filled pouches that develop on the surface of the kidneys. Kidney cyst is generally non-cancerous and harmless, while some of them are associated with kidney disorders which can lead to complications. They can also develop inside the kidney. When these cysts become large, symptoms such as upper abdominal pain, fever or an ache in your side or back can also take place.

 

Herbal Remedies for Kidney Problems

Generally, you don’t have to worry too much about kidney cysts unless they begin to irritate you. There is no remedy for kidney cysts. However, herbal treatment can help with the kidney function that may be impacted with the cysts.

Herbal Treatment – Kundan Kidney Care Centre provides herbal remedies for kidney problem. The herbs used in the kidney supplements are carefully chosen and have known safety profiles. All the herbal products are safe and have no known side effects. This natural kidney cure can help you reduce creatinine and urea. The herbal products can be taken safely with other prescribed Allopathic medicine for your cyst treatment.

Keep Your Body Hydrated – Drinking sufficient water is highly recommended to those suffering from renal cyst. Water allows your kidneys to perform their job correctly. It is recommended that you drink four liters of water per day. This amount of water will lead to about 1.5 liters of urine which can flush toxins out of the body. You can consider drinking cranberry juice too as it helps with a wide variety of kidney and urinary issues.

Eat Ample of Fruits & Vegetables – The nutritionists always prescribe diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. These foods not only have a good fiber content but they also supply the essential vitamins and minerals. Experts recommend eating about four to five cups of fruits and vegetables. However, juice never counts towards your fruit quota because it lacks fiber. Also, leafy vegetables, such as lettuce, should be included in your diet.

Keep a Check on Protein Consumption – At the same time, it is also suggested to maintain a healthy balance of protein in your daily diet. When the body has sufficient amount of protein it enables the kidneys to do extra works. Therefore, including one to one and a half cups of protein in your diet. But make sure it is lean protein so that you do not end up gaining excessive fats.

Stop Smoking – Smoking, fumes from household chemicals and cleaners, and overuse of medicines create extra toxins in the body. This means extra work for your kidneys. Increasing the level of stress on kidneys means the cysts will increase in size. Therefore, always avoid those elements which make the matters worse and lead a healthy and blissful life.

These are some of the best suitable ways to reduce the cysts through its natural processes. Also, the herbal remedies for kidney problems provided by Kundan Kidney Care Centre are all safe and natural. The supplements are all free from steroids and metals. However, if the renal cysts are large enough, then a type of surgery known as a laparoscopy might be needed.

Categories Kidney Disease, Risk Factors

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

Do you have the urge to go to the washroom more often than usual? Do you feel thirsty, fatigued and blurred vision? These are the tell tale signs of diabetes. Diabetes is having a high level of sugar in the blood as a result of not enough secretion or insulin resistance. There are mainly two different types of diabetes that are similar in their elevated blood sugar but different in many ways.

Type 1 Diabetes: This is caused by the Pancreas inability to produce insulin. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are quite obvious, frequent urination, increased thirst, weight loss, irritability and other mood changes, fatigue and weakness, blurred vision and extreme hunger.

In addition, having Type 1 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications, kidney disease, nerve damage, blindness, heart disease and cuts and bruises that are slow to heal.

Treatment for Type 1 disease can be managed with intermediate or long-acting insulin. There are also safe and herbal alternatives available to deal with this disease.

Type 2 Diabetes: This is usually developed in men and women over the age of 40. The main reason could be obesity and lack of physical activity. In this type – the Pancreas still produces insulin, however, the body cannot use it efficiently. Pear shape people with a lot of fat around their abdomen are at greater risk of developing diabetes.

Type 2 can start at an early age if you are overweight, sedentary, affected by high blood pressure, from a family with a history of Type 2 diabetes and from an ethnic background that has a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes (African-Caribbean or Asian).

Higher sugar levels can also cause rapid weight loss (10 – 20 lbs) over two or three months.

With diabetes, the kidneys are also working overtime to eliminate the excess sugar and this lead to a loss of calories and this can harm the kidneys.

If you suspect you have Diabetes, it is important to immediately seek help. It could be frightening to find out that you have diabetes but you must know that people with diabetes can live a long, healthy and happy lives.

Eat right and exercise. This will keep you healthy.

Categories Kidney Disease, Kundan Kidney Care Centre, Risk Factors

How to lower creatinine

Creatinine is a chemical waste molecule produced from creatine. Roughly 2% of creatine in our body converts to creatinine every day and transported via bloodstream to our kidneys. Most of this creatinine is filtered by the kidneys and removed via urine. Usually creatinine production in our body remains unchanged thus making it a reliable way of identifying the kidney function. A sudden change in creatinine level may indicate the kidney disease or impaired kidney function.

What can cause high creatinine level? Dehydration, ACE inhibitors, high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid issues, excessive blood loss, taking creatine as a dietary supplement and excessive amounts of red meat can result in higher creatinine levels.

How to lower creatinine level:

  • creatinine level may start to increase if the body is dehydrated. It is recommended to drink plenty of fluid every day. Drinking water means more urination that means more creatinine released from the body.
  • healthy diet can play a vital role in controlling the creatinine level. Add fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet, prefer whole wheat and include oats in your diet. Avoid food items with refined sugar, replace beverages with water.
  • avoid excessive creatine supplements. Taking creatine supplements could be potentially dangerous. It increases pressure on the kidneys and can cause heart issues and muscle cramps.
  • salt (sodium) can cause body to retain more water which leads to less frequent visits to the washroom. Stay away from foods with excessive salt.

If you are suffering from the kidney disease then it is best to consult with our doctor and a dietitian to have your diet planned. We at Kundan Kidney Care Centre offer a free assessment and offer a safe and alternative method of treatment for kidney disease.

Categories Health, Kidney Disease, Risk Factors

CKD Mangement

This article can help in understanding some general issues and the management of Chronic Kidney Disease:

Issues:

  • It is important to understand that CKD is a spectrum of disease. Mild CKD is common and rarely progresses to a more severe form and it does not necessarily equate to renal dialysis.
  • Understand eGFR and monitor it on a regular basis to ensure that the condition is not deteriorating.
  • Understand the link between diabetes and hypertension – maintaining a tight control can limit the damage of the kidneys.
  • People with CKD should exercise, achieve a healthy weight and must stop smoking.
  • A good glycaemic control should be achieved in patients with diabetes mellitus and CKD.
  • Review all prescribed medicines regularly.

Already Diagnosed: eGFR is less than 60

  • Review GFR and assess the rate of deterioration.
  • Review all medication including the over-the-counter drugs.
  • Haematuria and proteinuria suggest glomerulonephritis, this may progress rapidly.
  • Look for sepsis, heart failure, hypovolaemia, palpable bladder.
  • Repeat serum creatinine measurement to exclude rapid progression.
  • Seek professional help – there are safe and natural options to address this disease.

Monitoring:

  • Based on the severity of the disease, eGFR should be monitored regularly.
  • Have the level of proteinuria assessed at least annually.
  • Proteinuria should be assessed by measurement either of the PCR or ACR, ideally on an early-morning urine specimen.
  • An abnormal eGFR should prompt a clinical assessment and a repeat test within two weeks should be done to assess the progression.
  • Patient with CKD should have an annual assessment of their cardiovascular risk factors, lipid profile, BMI, exercise, alcohol and smoking habits.
  • Keep the systolic blood pressure below 140mm Hg and the diastolic blood pressure below 90mm Hg.
  • Routinely measure calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D levels.
  • Renal dietitian should be consulted to carry out a dietary assessment and give individualized information and advice on diet.

Complications:

  •  Anemia: left ventricular hypertrophy, fatigue, impaired cognitive functioning.
  •  Coagulopathy.
  • Hypertension: left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure, stroke, CVD.
  • Calcium phosphate loading: cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, arthropathy, soft tissue calcification.
  • Renal osteodystrophy: disorders of calcium, phosphorus and bone, most commonly osteitis fibrosa cystica.
  • Bone changes of secondary hyperparathyroidism: bone pain and fractures.
  • Neurological: uraemic encephalopathy, neuropathy including peripheral neuropathy.
  • Dialysis amyloid: bone pain, arthropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Fluid overload: pulmonary oedema, hypertension
  • Malnutrition: increased morbidity and mortality, infections, poor wound healing.
  • Glucose intolerance due to peripheral insulin resistance.
Categories Health, Kidney Diet, Kidney Disease, Risk Factors

Red meat may trigger kidney malfunction – study

Crispy bacon, a juicy rib eye steak, or beef burger – these mouthwatering red meat delicacies have long been accused of being bad for health. Unfortunately, a new study based on 15 years of research now claims to back that theory with scientific evidence.

Risk of kidney failure significantly increases with constant red meat consumption, a new study conducted at the National University of Singapore suggests.

“Red meat intake is strongly associated with ESRD risk [end-stage renal disease, or kidney failure] in a dose-dependent manner,” the study’s abstract says.

More than 60,000 adults from Singapore took part in the long-term research. They were divided into several groups according to how much red meat they consumed. Constant follow-ups showed that around 1,000 participants developed kidney failure.

The people in the group claiming to eat the largest amount of red meat had a 40 percent higher risk of experiencing kidney failure compared to those consuming moderate amounts.

Luckily, not every type of protein has been found harmful to kidneys, and those who look after their muscles can still get their needed protein fix from poultry, fish, eggs, or dairy products, thus reducing the risk.

“Our study shows that red meat intake may increase the risk of ESRD in the general population and substituting alternative sources of protein may reduce the incidence of ESRD,” according to the study.

This, however, doesn’t mean that people should “avoid red meat like poison,” but finding a substitute for at least one meal with red meat a day is not a bad idea, the study’s senior author, Woon-Puay Koh, told Reuters Health in an email letter.

“Current guidelines recommend restricting dietary protein intake in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease to help reduce symptoms and slow progression to end-stage renal disease,” Koh also noted.

An estimated 500 million people suffer from chronic kidney condition, some of whom need constant dialysis procedures or a kidney transplant, researchers noted.

It was previously thought that people with kidney problems who eat red meat on a daily basis could encounter problems with a substance known as urea building up in their bodies, because if a person’s kidney’s aren’t working problem, it is not sufficiently expelled in their urine.

The new study stresses that there is no evidence that red meat causes kidney conditions, but it apparently contributes to the pathological process.

*article source – https://www.rt.com/news/353781-red-meat-kidney-failure/